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The waltz is a form of song and dance that originated in the Romantic Era and is especially popular in Vienna. The waltz is in triple meter, usually 3/4 time. There is typically one chord per measure, with an accent on the first beat. The root of the chord is placed on the first beat, and the upper notes are placed on the second and third beats. The emphasis of each measure is on the first beat. Johannes Brahms and Frederic Chopin are among the most famous composers of piano waltzes.


The Mazurka is a Polish national folk dance in triple meter, usually at a lively tempo. The strongest accents are placed on the second of third beat of the measure. There is also a triplet, trill, dotted eighth note pair, or an ordinary eighth note pair before two quarter notes.

The Mazurka began as a dance for either four or eight couples. It became popular at European ballrooms of the 19th century. Chopin is a prominent composer of the Mazurka.


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Here is an excerpt of An der schönen blauen Donau, or The Blue Danube by Johann Strauss II. Notice how the emphasis is on the first beat of every measure.


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